GHG Intensity of Natural Gas Transport

The European Union is projected to face a substantial natural gas supply shortage in the next 30 years. This is a result of decreasing domestic natural gas supply combined with steadily increasing demand. Bridging this gap will require additional imports from abroad. This study compares two major supply options.

One option is the transport of Russian natural gas via pipeline, specifically the proposed Nord Stream 2 pipeline (NSP2), a twin system to the existing Nord Stream pipeline. NSP2 would have an annual capacity of 55 billion m3 (bcm) of natural gas transported from Northern Russia to Central Europe. The other option is the shipping of liquefied natural gas (LNG) from existing and emerging producer countries around the world, namely the United States, Qatar, Australia and Algeria.

The study was conducted to provide high-quality, reliable and up-to-date GHG intensity data for the defined natural gas supply routes to Europe, based on a life cycle approach and in accordance with ISO 14040/14044.

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